Ellwood, E.R., J. A. Sessa, J. K. Abraham, A. E. Budden, N. Douglas, R. Guralnick, E. Krimmel, T. Langen, D. Linton, M. Phillips, and P. S.

     Soltis. 2020. Biodiversity Science and the Twenty-First Century Workforce. BioScience 70(2), 119-121.

Pearson, K., Nelson, G., Aronson, M., Bonnet, P., Brenskelle, L., Davis, C., Denny, E., Ellwood, E.R., Goëau, H., Heberling, J.M. and Joly,

     A., 2020. Machine Learning Using Digitized Herbarium Specimens to Advance Phenological Research. Bioscience.

Lendemer, J., B. Thiers, A. K. Monfils, J. Zaspel, E. R. Ellwood, A. Bentley, K. LeVan, J. Bates, D. Jennings, D. Contreras, L. Lagomarsino,

     P. Mabee, L.S. Ford, R. Guralnick, R.E. Gropp, M. Revelez, N. Cobb, K. Seltmann, M.C. Aime. 2020. The Extended Specimen Network:

     A Strategy to Enhance US Biodiversity Collections, Promote Research and Education. BioScience, 70(1), 23-30.

Ellwood, E. R., P. S. Soltis, and M. L. Klein. 2019. New Insights for Conservation from Expansion of Physical‐Collection Digital Data.

     Conservation Biology 33: 498-499.
Ellwood, E. R., K. D. Pearson, and G. Nelson. 2019. Emerging frontiers in phenological research. Applications in Plant Sciences 7(3).
Ellwood, E. R., R. B. Primack, C. G. Willis, and J. Hille Ris Lambers. 2019. Phenology models using herbarium specimens are only slightly  

     improved by using finer‐scale stages of reproduction Applications in Plant Sciences 3: e01225.
Lorieul, T., K. D. Pearson, E. R. Ellwood, H. Goëau, … and A. Joly. 2019. Toward a large-scale and deep phenological stage annotation of

     herbarium specimens: Case studies from temperate, tropical, and equatorial floras. Applications in Plant Sciences 3: e1233.
Mast, A. R. and E. R. Ellwood. 2018. Scaling up public engagement in botanical research. American Journal of Botany 105: 628-630.
Yost, J. M., P. W. Sweeney, E. Gilbert, G. Nelson,… E. R. Ellwood… and S. Mazer. 2018. Digitization protocol for scoring reproductive

     phenology from herbarium specimens of seed plants. Applications in Plant Sciences 6: e1022.
Jabłonski, P. G., S. Lee, and E. R. Ellwood. 2018. Vigilance responding to number of conspecifics among mixed groups of cranes in

     demilitarized zone. Animal Cells and Systems 22: 118-123.

Ellwood, E. R., P. Kimberly, R. Guralnick, P. Flemons, K. Love, S. Ellis, J. M. Allen, J. H. Best, R. Carter, S. Chagnoux, R. Costello, M. W.

     Denslow, B. A. Dunckel, M. M. Ferriter, E. E. Gilbert, C. Goforth, Q. Groom, E. R. Krimmel, R. LaFrance, J. L. Martinec, A. Miller, J.

     Minnaert-Grote, T. Nash, P. Oboyski, D. L. Paul, K. D. Pearson, N. D. Pentcheff, M. A. Roberts, C. E. Seltzer, P. S. Soltis, R. Stephens, P.

     W. Sweeney, M. von Konrat, A. Wall, R. Wetzer, C. Zimmerman, and A. R. Mast. 2018. Worldwide Engagement for

     Digitizing Biocollections (WeDigBio)—The Biocollections Community's Citizen Science Space on the Calendar. Bioscience 68: 112-124

Ellwood, E. R., T. M. Crimmins, and A. J. Miller-Rushing. 2017. Citizen science and conservation: Recommendations for a rapidly moving

     field. Biological Conservation. 208: 1-4, doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.014

Willis, C. G., E. R. Ellwood, R. B. Primack, C. C. Davis, K. D. Pearson, A. S. Gallinat, J. M. Yost, G. Nelson, S. J. Mazer, N. L. Rossington,

     T. H. Sparks, P. S. Soltis. 2017. Old plants, new tricks: phenological research using herbarium specimens. Trends in Ecology &

     Evolution. 32: 531-546, doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2017.03.015

Stegman, L., R. B. Primack, A. S. Gallinat and E. R. Ellwood. 2017. Reduced sampling frequency can still detect changes in abundance and

     phenology of migratory landbirds. Biological Conservation, 210: 107-115, doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.04.004

Lacey, E., J. Cook, R. Guralnick, M. Daly, E. R. Ellwood, A. R. Mast, J. McCormack, A. K. Monfils, and C. Welch. 2017. Collections,

     Climate Change and the Classroom: Innovative New Approaches to Undergraduate Education in Biology. Evolution: Education

     and Outreach, 10(2).

Ellwood, E. R., H. L. Bart, Jr., M. H. Doosey, D. K. Jue, J. G. Mann, G. Nelson, N. Rios, A. R. Mast. 2016. Mapping Life—Quality

     Assessment of  Novice and Computer Automated vs. Expert Georeferences. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, 1: 1–12, doi:


Ellwood, E. R., B. A. Dunckel, P. Flemons, R. Guralnick, G. Nelson, G. Newman, S. Newman, D. Paul, G. Riccardi, N. Rios, K. C.

     Seltmann, A. R. Mast. 2015. Accelerating Digitization of Biodiversity Research Specimens through Online Public Participation.

     BioScience. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biv005

Nelson, G., P. Sweeney, L. E. Wallace, R. K. Rabeler, D. Allard, H. Brown, …E. R. Ellwood, … A. R. Mast. 2015. Digitization workflows

     for flat sheets and packets of plants, algae, and fungi. Applications in Plant Sciences, 3(9), apps.1500065.


Ellwood, E. R., T. Lloyd-Evans, A. Gallinat, and R. Primack. 2015. Autumn migration of North American landbirds. Invited author – Studies

     in Avian Biology, special volume: Phenological Synchrony and Bird Migration: Changing Climate and Seasonal Resources in North

     America. CRC Press, USA.

Everill, P. H., R. B. Primack, E. R. Ellwood and E. K. Melaas. 2014. Determining past leaf-out times of New England’s deciduous forests

     from herbarium specimens. American Journal of Botany 101: 1293-1300.

Panchen, Z., R. Primack, B. Nordt, E. Ellwood, A.-D. Stevens, S. Renner, C. Willis, R. Fahey, A. Whittemore, Y. Du, C. Davis. 2014.

     Leafing out phenology in woody plants of the Northern Hempisphere show phylogenetic, ecological and anatomical patterns. New

     Phytologist. 203: 1208-1219.

Ellwood, E. R., R. B. Primack, C. Polgar and S. Playfair. 2013. Cranberry flowering times and climate change in Southern Massachusetts.

     International Journal of Biometeorology. 58: 1693-1697.

Ellwood, E. R., S. Temple, R. B. Primack, and C. C. Davis. 2013. Record-breaking early flowering in the eastern United States. PLoS ONE.

     8(1): e53788.doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0053788.

Ellwood, E. R., J. M. Diez, I. I. Ibáñez, R. B. Primack, H. Kobori, H. Higuchi, and J. Silander. 2012. Disentangling the paradox of insect

      phenology: are temporal trends reflecting the response to warming? Oecologia. 168:1161-1171.

Primack, R. B. and E. R. Ellwood. Biodiversity Conservation. In: Ecosystem Management and Sustainability, Berkshire Encyclopedia of

     Sustainability, vol 5.

Lee, S. D., E. R. Ellwood, S. Y. Park, and R. B. Primack. 2011. Late-arriving barn swallows linked to population declines. Biological

     Conservation. 144:2182-2187.

Ellwood, E. R., R. B. Primack, M. Talmadge. 2010. Effects of climate change on spring bird arrival times in Thoreau’s Concord spanning

     1851 to 2007. The Condor. 112: 754-762

Ibáñez, I., R. B. Primack, A. J. Miller-Rushing, E. Ellwood, H. Higuchi, S. D. Lee, H. Kobori and J. A. Silander. 2010. Variability in the

     effects of climate change on spring and autumn phenology and growing season length in East Asia. Philosophical Transactions of the

     Royal Society B. 365:3247-3260.

Primack, R.B. and E. Ellwood. Evolution and biodiversity conservation. In: Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia. Gale, Cengage Learning.

Primack, R.B., E. Ellwood, A.J. Miller-Rushing, R. Marrs, and A. Mulligan. 2009. Do gender, nationality, or academic age affect review

     decisions? An analysis of submissions to the journal Biological Conservation. Biological Conservation. 142: 2415-2418



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